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Camarasaurus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Superclass Tetrapoda
Class Reptilia
Subclass Diapsida
Superorder Dinosauria
Order Saurischia
Suborder Sauropodomorpha
Family Camarasauridae
Subfamily Camarasaurinae
Genus Camarasaurus
1st Species Camarasaurus supremus
2nd Species Camarasaurus grandis
3rd Species Camarasaurus lentus
Other attributes
Time Range 155-150 mya
Location United States of America
Name Meaning Chambered reptile
Physical Dimensions 17 meters long for C. supremus; 13.8 meters long for C.lentus and C. grandis
Weight 17.8 tonnes for C.supremus
Dietary Classification Herbivore
Camarasaurus is a camarasaurid sauropod sauropodomorph dinosaur from the Late Jurassic of the United States of America. It was named in 1877 by Edward Drinker Cope. It was the most common Jurassic sauropod in the Western United States; as well as this, it is often the most well-preserved.

PhysiologyEdit

Camarasaurus was a sauropod with a bulky body, 4 large, erect, pillar-like legs, a moderately long tail, and a small head. An interesting thing to note is that its neck was only of moderate length, compared to the long necks of Diplodocus, Brontosaurus, and Brachiosaurus. Its body was covered in scaly skin.

DietEdit

Camarasaurus was an herbivore, feeding on leaves from mid-sized trees. Its laterally compressed teeth were larger more developed than those of other sauropods, and were used to process plant matter; as well as this, its moderately long neck and limbs allowed it to access vegetation some 7.4 meters in the air without rearing.

EcologyEdit

Camarasaurus laid its eggs in lines rather than in neatly-organized nests, which means it didn't tend to young; a possible theory for this is that it laid its eggs in large forests, where newly-hatched sauropodlets could hide from predators such as Ornitholestes and Marshosaurus until they grew big enough to venture into the open savanna. However, younger sauropods were able to be accepted into herds, as the remains of two adults and a mid-sized juvenile were found in close proximity. Unlike other sauropods, Camarasaurus was able to chew its food, due to its large, highly developed teeth. As well as this, its moderately long neck was held at a nearly vertical position, which would allow it browse from relatively large trees with little to no problems.

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